Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few related varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. Far more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial fifty percent from the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain along with the Western globe as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
Such a garment is employed by several people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a excellent many Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Utilized in London shops. A colleague furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on muske pidzame to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is as a result of White Ants."
Conventional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix manufactured from tender material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily incorporates a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people decide to sleep or lounge in only the pajama pants, both which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys are sometimes sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.
Some pajamas element a fall seat (also called muske pidzame a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century they are fairly exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are many variations in type which include brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration, or, from time to time, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber apparel with rib-knit trimmings are typical. Normally worn muske pidzame by little ones, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if 1-piece), and can also be footed.
Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've often involved the latter for a major. Babydoll pyjamas have a kind of short dress leading above shorts or quick pants.
Pajamas could right now confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become common while in the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.